Louis Soutter: Peinture au doigt
Galerie Karsten Greve Paris
Dienstag bis Samstag, 10 - 19 Uhr
am Samstag, 24. Februar 2024 von 18 bis 20 Uhr,
mit einer Lesung von Éric Vuillard um 19 Uhr.
Zur Ausstellung erscheint ein Katalog.
For this new exhibition dedicated to Louis Soutter, Galerie Karsten Greve, Paris, is delighted to present a series of fourteen paintings created between 1930 and 1942, along with photographs of the artist taken by Theo Frey and a new catalogue containing texts by Éric Vuillard and Guillermo Aguirre. This exhibition places particular emphasis on finger painting, a technique that enabled the artist to express his emotions and experiences on paper in a visceral fashion.
A learned, cultivated and hypersensitive soul, Soutter suffered personal difficulties and professional failures, including his separation from his wife, the deterioration of his health due to typhus and the deaths of his father and sister. The accumulated blows to the artist’s psyche deeply impacted his art, adding a tragic dimension to his work. He gradually withdrew from the world. Soon deemed too eccentric by his relatives, in 1923, at the age of 52, Soutter was committed to a hospice for the elderly and destitute in Ballaigues, an isolated village in the Vaud Jura. There, he set himself to drawing intensively. His “Notebook period” was followed by his “Mannerist period”, during which he used ink, pencil and pen. When he ran out of materials, he drew at the post office in Ballaigues. In 1936, nearly blind and suffering from arthritis, he began his finger paintings and drawings. The practice enabled Louis Soutter to interact directly with his support. By using his finger to apply colour directly, he created a physical link between his body and the paper, allowing his emotions an even more immediate form of expression.
That tactile approach thus acted like a direct channel for his acuity and revealed a tortured inner world with a nebulous boundary between reality and imagination. Louis Soutter thus seemed to depict prophetic visions in his paintings – in Potentats d’Infirmités (“Potentates of infirmities”), for instance, mutilated shadows seem a striking premonition of the imminent historical drama of the Second World War.
In his finger paintings and drawings, the evocative images that conjure the sun, the earth, fire and other natural elements become the settings for scenes that recall cave paintings and illustrate scenes of daily life, as well as pagan rites and mythological and biblical stories.
Thus, Le Jésu ((Le Jésus) “Jesus”), Il est né/Christ en croix (“He is born/Christ on the Cross”) and Abel show an interest in the Holy Scriptures. The red colour, reminiscent of blood, the part-human part-animal body, gigantic hands, spellbound gaze and snake that could be seen as a devil’s tail give the son of Adam and Eve, a figure from Genesis who was the first to die in the Old Testament, a demonic appearance.
His works also echo myths and Greek tragedies through the use of black figures reminiscent of ancient ceramics. They are akin to a reflection on the gods, the human condition and the tragic destiny awaiting humanity. The anonymous bodies, alone or in groups, turned black silhouettes with extravagant proportions that stand out against a clear background, inhabit a universe linked sometimes to death, sometimes to magic.
In consonance with his career as a violinist, Louis Soutter’s works exhibited today attest to a deep connection between his artistic expression and bodily sensitivity. The use of ink, watercolours, gouache and oil on paper or cardboard shows the diversity of his artistic exploration, which served an irrepressible desire to create.
Born in Morges, Switzerland, in 1871, Louis Soutter started out on a promising artistic career path. As a talented violinist, he was initially a pupil at the Royal Conservatory of Brussels under the composer and conductor Eugène Ysaÿe, then he studied drawing and became close to the European painting avant-garde and, particularly, Les XX (Les Vingt). In 1897, he emigrated to the United States, where he married Madge Fursman in Colorado Springs. He taught music and drawing and was later named director of the fine arts department at Colorado College. After separating from his wife, he returned to Switzerland in 1903. While he was the first violin of the symphony orchestra of Geneva, he lost his position in 1915. Deeply in debt and too isolated for his family’s tastes, in 1923, Soutter was committed to a centre for the elderly. Despite his reclusion, he was supported in his creative efforts by a handful of acquaintances including Jean Giono and the Vallotton brothers, who exhibited his works in their gallery in Lausanne, as well as his cousin, the architect Le Corbusier, who made him known to the public and wrote an article on him in the magazine Minotaure in 1936. Cut off from the world and his loved ones by the war, Louis Soutter died in the hospice in 1942.
In 1961, the Musée cantonal des Beaux-Arts in Lausanne held the first retrospective of his work. Subsequently, the Fondation Le Corbusier unearthed many of his drawings. Galerie Karsten Greve contributed to Louis Soutter’s recognition in Europe and the world through major exhibitions in Cologne in 1998, St. Moritz in 2011, Paris in 2020 and Cologne in 2021. His works are showcased in many international exhibitions and feature in great collections, both private and public, including those of the Kunstmuseum in Basel, the Kunsthaus in Zürich, the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art – Centre Georges Pompidou – in Paris and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.